Part four covered critical locations and the frequency of manual cleaning in those areas. In this part, we are going to briefly focus on understanding the relevant departments involved during the cleaning and sanitation process within a food facility.
Not a one-person job
Developing, implementing, and maintaining cleaning programs within a food plant is no small feat. Such an important activity cannot be left solely to the facility sanitation manager–it requires close and coordinated collaboration between many departments. Food safety and quality assurance, production, maintenance, and purchasing, to mention but a few, should all be part of the process. It involves the scheduling of tasks, selection and evaluation, usage, storage, care, and re-ordering of sanitation aids such as chemicals, tools, etc.
Part of the cleaning and sanitation tasks could be outsourced to third-party contractors, who may perform third shift or after-hours sanitation, and are therefore considered part of the food safety and sanitation team. Valuable input or feedback from regulatory inspectors; certification auditors; suppliers of cleaning tools, equipment, and chemicals; subject matter experts; and even customers, are also an essential part of a successful program. Furthermore, the intricacies of a robust cleaning program will depend on what is required to ensure that food products are free from disease-causing organisms and other contaminants that significantly impact on food safety and quality.
Accounting for manual cleaning responsibilities
Defining, implementing, and maintaining a Master Cleaning Schedule can become an intensive exercise.
If we look at the Master Cleaning Schedule shown below, it requires additional independent and trained personnel to develop the programs; monitor the progress; and verify or audit the process, and requires that responsibility for each of these be allocated, along with proof of documentation that these actions happened.
Toward a Hygiene and Sanitation Culture
The entire organization, from top management to every employee, needs to be committed to the production of safe food under sanitary conditions, as cleaning comprises an important component of a food safety and quality management system.
As Frank Yiannas, FDA deputy commissioner, rightly points out: “Food Safety Culture is about creating a behavior-based food safety management system.” Hence, an all-inclusive integrated sanitation approach (as we’ll discuss in Part 6 of this blog series) becomes a key aspect of the site’s education and training programs, which should be seamlessly embedded into the overall organizational culture.
Some ways of improving hygiene and sanitation culture when using manual cleaning tools may be as follows:
- Use of FDA-compliant, color-coded, hygienically designed, durable, and high-quality cleaning tools.
- Education and training of employees on the why, what, where, when, how, and who of tool selection, care, cleaning, storage, care, and maintenance.
- Motivation of employees through transformational leadership and learning opportunities.
In our next blog, we’ll understand the key regulations, standards, and industry best practices that support a manual cleaning program for a food facility.
- Smith, Debra (2017). Optimizing Food Safety Through Good Cleaning Tool Maintenance. Whitepaper Link: https://remcoproducts.com/cleaning-tool-maintenance/
- Yiannas, F. (2008). Food safety culture: Creating a behavior-based food safety management system. Springer Science & Business Media.